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[键盘输入方法]wshShell.SendKeys 方法探析(2010-09-30 14:35:11)

模拟键盘操作,将一个或多个按键指令发送到指定Windows窗口来控制应用程序运行,
其使用格式为:object.SendKeys(string)

“object”:表示WshShell对象
“string”:表示要发送的按键指令字符串,需要放在英文双引号中。
Dim wshShell
Set wshShell = CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")
wshShell.SendKeys "{ENTER}" '模拟键盘操作回车
-----------------------------------
1.基本键

  一般来说,要发送的按键指令都可以直接用该按键字符本身来表示,例如要发送字母“x”,使用“WshShell.SendKeys "x"”即可。当然,也可直接发送多个按键指令,只需要将按键字符按顺序排列在一起即可,例如,要发送按键“happy”,可以使用“ WshShell.SendKeys "happy" ”。

2.特殊功能键

  对于需要与Shift、Ctrl、Alt三个控制键组合的按键,SendKeys使用特殊字符来表示:

  Shift---------WshShell.SendKeys "+"
  Ctrl---------WshShell.SendKeys "^"
  Alt---------WshShell.SendKeys "%" (注意:这样使用时,不用大括号括起这些特殊字符。)
  由于“+”、“^”这些字符用来表示特殊的控制按键了,如何表示这些”字符”的按键呢?只要用大括号括住这些字符即可。例如: 要发送加号“+”,可使用“WshShell.SendKeys "{+}"”

另外对于一些不会生成字符的控制功能按键,也同样需要使用大括号括起来按键的名称。--如果发送是基本字符用“”括起来。
例如要发送回车键,需要用“ WshShell.SendKeys "{ENTER}" ”表示;
发送向下的方向键用“ Wshshell.SendKeys "{DOWN}" ”表示。

Space---------WshShell.SendKeys " "
Enter---------WshShell.SendKeys "{ENTER}"
←---------WshShell.SendKeys "{RIGHT}"
↑---------WshShell.SendKeys "{UP}"
F1---------WshShell.SendKeys "{F1}"

按键 代码
BACKSPACE {BACKSPACE}, {BS}, 或 {BKSP}
BREAK {BREAK}
CAPS LOCK {CAPSLOCK}
DEL or Delete {Delete} 或 {DEL}
DOWN ARROW {DOWN}
END {END}
ENTER {ENTER}或 ~
ESC {ESC}
HELP {HELP}
HOME {HOME}
INS or Insert {Insert} 或 {INS}
LEFT ARROW {LEFT}
NUM LOCK {NUMLOCK}
PAGE DOWN {PGDN}
PAGE UP {PGUP}
PRINT SCREEN {PRTSC}
RIGHT ARROW {RIGHT}
SCROLL LOCK {SCROLLLOCK}
TAB {TAB}
UP ARROW {UP}
F1 {F1}
F2 {F2}
F3 {F3}
F4 {F4}
F5 {F5}
F6 {F6}
F7 {F7}
F8 {F8}
F9 {F9}
F10 {F10}

Tips:如果需要发送多个重复的单字母按键,不必重复输入该字母,SendKeys允许使用简化格式进行描述,使用格式为“{按键 数字}”。例如要发送10个字母“x”,则输入“WshShell.SendKeys "{x 10}"”即可。

实际应用举例:
-----------------------------------
按下F5刷新桌面

Dim WshShell,Path,i
Set WshShell = Wscrīpt.CreateObject("Wscrīpt.Shell")
WshShell.SendKeys "{F5}"
----------------------------------------------------
电脑的自动重启

set WshShell = CreateObject("Wscrīpt.Shell")
WshShell.SendKeys "^{ESC}u"
WshShell.SendKeys "R"
----------------------------------------------------
启动任务管理器

set WshShell = CreateObject("Wscrīpt.Shell")
WshShell.SendKeys "^+{ESC}"
----------------------------------------------------
QQ消息连发

Dim WshShell
Set WshShell= Wscrīpt.createObject("Wscrīpt.Shell")
WshShell.AppActivate "bomb"
for i=1 to 60
Wscrīpt.Sleep 800
WshShell.SendKeys "What do you say"
WshShell.SendKeys i
WshShell.SendKeys "%s"
next
----------------------------------------------------
自动到百度搜索歌曲:white flag

Dim WshShell,Path,i
Set WshShell = Wscrīpt.CreateObject("Wscrīpt.Shell")
WshShell.Run("IEXPLORE.EXE")
Wscrīpt.Sleep 2000
WshShell.AppActivate "about:blank-Microsoft Internet Explorer"
WshShell.SendKeys "+{TAB}"
WshShell.SendKeys "http://mp3.baidu.com"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 800
WshShell.SendKeys "{ENTER}"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 3000
WshShell.SendKeys "white flag"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 800
WshShell.SendKeys "{ENTER}"
----------------------------------------------------
自动关机

Dim WshShell
Set WshShell=Wscrīpt.CreateObject("Wscrīpt.Shell")
Wscrīpt.Sleep 2000
WshShell.Run "shutdown -r -t 120"
wscrīpt.sleep 6000
WshShell.Run "shutdown -a"
----------------------------------------------------
在记事本中输入Happy Birthday!并保存为birth.txt

Dim WshShell
Set WshShell=Wscrīpt.CreateObject("Wscrīpt.Shell")
WshShell.Run "notepad"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 1500
WshShell.AppActivate "无标题 - 记事本"
WshShell.SendKeys "H"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "a"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "p"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "p"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "y"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys " "
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "B"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "i"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "r"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "t"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "h"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "d"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "a"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "y"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "!"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "%FS"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "b"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "i"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "r"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "t"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "h"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "%S"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 500
WshShell.SendKeys "%FX"
----------------------------------------------------
制作能自动定时存盘的记事本

'第一部分:定义变量和对象

Dim WshShell, AutoSaveTime, TXTFileName
AutoSaveTime=300000
Set WshShell=Wscrīpt.CreateObject("Wscrīpt.Shell")
TXTFileName=InputBox("请输入你要创建的文件名(不能用中文和纯数字):")

'第二部分:打开并激活记事本

WshShell.Run "notepad"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 200
WshShell.AppActivate "无标题 - 记事本"

'第三部分:用输入的文件名存盘

WshShell.SendKeys "^s"
Wscrīpt.Sleep 300
WshShell.SendKeys TXTFileName
Wscrīpt.Sleep 300
WshShell.SendKeys "%s"
Wscrīpt.Sleep AutoSaveTime
'第四部分:自动定时存盘
While WshShell.AppActivate (TXTFileName)=True
WshShell.SendKeys "^s"
Wscrīpt.Sleep AutoSaveTime
Wend
Wscrīpt.Quit

----------------------------------------------------

自动死机o(∩_∩)o...

DIM WSHSHELL
SET WSHSHELL=Wscrīpt.CreateOBJECT("Wscrīpt.SHELL")
'WSHSHELL.RUN " "
'Wscrīpt.SLEEP 1000
WSHSHELL.SENDKEYS "{ENTER}"
'Wscrīpt.SLEEP 1000
WSHSHELL.SENDKEYS "{ENTER}"
'Wscrīpt.SLEEP 1000
WSHSHELL.SENDKEYS "{ENTER}"
'Wscrīpt.SLEEP 1000
WSHSHELL.SENDKEYS "{ENTER}"
'Wscrīpt.SLEEP 1000
WSHSHELL.SENDKEYS "{ENTER}"

转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/xhyang110/archive/2011/03/25/1995327.html

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